Financial Markets Book Financial Markets For The Rest Of Us
An Easy Guide To Money, Bonds, Futures, Stocks, Options, And Mutual Funds
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by Robert Hashemian

Page 341

The Prospectus

You are about to invest in a fund. How would you get information about this fund before you buy in? By law all funds must provide to their prospective investors a legal document known as the prospectus. The prospectus, normally a 20- to 40-page document, contains just about everything that there is to know about the fund, or at least everything that is legally required to be disclosed. This document is written by accountants, lawyers, and financial professionals, so it is perhaps one of the most dreaded documents an average investor could read. Fortunately as required by newer laws, the prospectus nowadays is required to spell out the essential facts about the fund in plain English. The prospectus may also contain a Statement of Additional Information (SAI) which gets into additional gory details about the fund. Yes, the document may be boring, but it is your best tool available to make an informed decision on whether or not you should invest in the fund. Here is some of the information you can find in the prospectus:

Objectives And Strategies - These sections explain the reasons for the fund's existence. They are the philosophy, goals, and objectives of the fund together with some general description of the strategy to reach its goals. In broad terms a fund could have one of the three following objectives or some combination of them: value, growth, and income. These are also known as a fund's style. We will cover these a bit later.

Risks - This section contains explanations of the risks the fund may be exposed to. For example, if the fund happens to be a growth fund, a major risk would be that the stocks in its portfolio may underperform. Other risks may include interest rate fluctuations, threat of inflation, bonds in portfolio being called ahead of maturity, fund management risk, and others. Most of the risk factors explained in the prospectus are


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  • Book Chapters
    Table of Contents Copyright and Disclaimer Foreword Money
    Bonds Futures Stocks Options
    Mutual Funds Retirement Final Words Appendix A

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