Financial Markets Book Financial Markets For The Rest Of Us
An Easy Guide To Money, Bonds, Futures, Stocks, Options, And Mutual Funds
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by Robert Hashemian

Page 74

broker when ordering securities. Of course you would also need to send in a check to cover the cost of your order. TreasuryDirect can also be accessed online, where you can even use a credit card to place your orders.

Finally, you should keep in mind that some bonds are callable (a.k.a. redeemable). This means that the issuer has the option to pay off the bond before maturity. In most cases there are pre-determined dates when the bond can be called (redeemed) so the element of surprise is somewhat tempered. The 30-year Treasury bond, for example, normally has two callable dates per year until maturity. Bond investors must be prepared in advance that the bond may be called in any of those dates with an advance notice. This means that the bondholders would receive the face value of the bond, and the bond in effect would no longer exist.

Final Notes

As can be seen, bonds offer a variety of options for the investors to suit their preferences. Bonds are also great tools to diversify one's portfolio. A popular technique practiced by many bondholders and investors is to have a ladder portfolio of bonds. In this scenario a certain amount of money is divided into a number of portions and is invested in bonds with increasing lengths of maturity, let's say from one to five years. As each investment matures, the proceeds can be re-invested in a bond with the maturity length beyond (for example, one year beyond) the last maturity date in the portfolio, while the rest of the portfolio moves one period (e.g., one year) closer to maturity. This process can be repeated indefinitely like climbing an infinite ladder one rung at a time. The advantage is that the investor is not locked in one investment for an extended period of time. In our example the investor would have one investment maturing every year indefinitely for as long as this strategy is followed. This keeps the portfolio relatively liquid, giving the

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Table of Contents
Copyright and Disclaimer
Book Chapters
Table of Contents Copyright and Disclaimer Foreword Money
Bonds Futures Stocks Options
Mutual Funds Retirement Final Words Appendix A

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