Financial Markets Book Financial Markets For The Rest Of Us
An Easy Guide To Money, Bonds, Futures, Stocks, Options, And Mutual Funds
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by Robert Hashemian

Page 75

investor the option to re-invest the entire proceeds from the maturing bonds, keep the interest and re-invest the original principal, or use the money for other purposes.

Another benefit is that the portfolio can be adjusted as the yields on bonds move up or down. For example, if yields move up, the proceeds from maturing bonds are re-invested in higher yield bonds; should they move lower, the investor can choose to invest in longer term bonds (which have better yields) or other types of securities producing higher returns. A side benefit of the ladder portfolio is that the average yield on the investment continues to climb higher as the proceeds from the maturing bonds are put back into the portfolio. The ladder portfolio represents a conservative strategy with attractive returns and low risk.

A drawback associated with bonds is their high unit prices, such as $1,000 or $5,000. While this may not sound like a high price to a wealthy investor, it puts bonds beyond the reach of the small investor. However, this does not mean that the average investor must sit on the sidelines when it comes to bonds. Mutual funds offer a good variety of bond funds covering a wide range of preferences from conservative to speculative and from focused to diverse, requiring less cash to get involved. Other mutual funds may have bonds as a part of their makeup, providing a good degree of diversification across several markets such as stocks and money markets (a collection of short-term instruments).We will cover mutual funds in a later chapter.

Savings bonds are another type of bond requiring little money to obtain. Any bank will sell you savings bonds (issued by the Treasury Department) starting as low as $25. Remember that with savings bond, the face value indicates the bond value at maturity and they are sold at a discount to their face value. Don't be fooled by many companies offering you for example $500 in savings bonds as a promotion to do

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Table of Contents
Copyright and Disclaimer
Book Chapters
Table of Contents Copyright and Disclaimer Foreword Money
Bonds Futures Stocks Options
Mutual Funds Retirement Final Words Appendix A

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